Scientific name: Dicrossus filamentosus (Ladiges; 1958)
Synonyms:Dicrossus filamentosa, Cremocara filamentosus, Crenicara filamentosa
Common name: Chessboard Cichlid
Habitat: South America, Rio Negro; Orinoco
Size: Male: 9 cm, female: 6 cm
Biotope: Slow-moving rivers and streams
Social behavior: Territorial and peaceful somewhat aggressive during the spawning. The species will not burrow or harm plants.
Diet: Carnivorous, give them only live foods; Keep well supplied with brine shrimp. Feed flakes rarely. Only small live food is accepted by wild caught fish.
Breeding: Quite easy
Tank: Minimum 75 litres.
Population: 1 pair for 80 litres
Decoration: Needs a heavily planted tank with a bottom of fine sand. Add flat stones and places to hide. The fish is timid when kept
alone and should be combined with several live-bearers or Characins.
Hardness: 2-15 NK°
Lifespan: 5 years
Description: Rarely seen in the hobby, the few available fish are usually wild-caught. Its social habits are similar to those of Apistogramma though the species controls a smaller territory. A delicate species, Chessboard Cichlid requires cautious care. Full grown animals have two horizontal stripes, one iridescent blue stripe above the spots on the side, and an iridescent greeen line below those spots.
The male is substantially larger with a longer, forked caudal fin; all fins are red, blue and black. The female's fins are transparent. For breeding Recommend acid, soft water with a ph around 5.5 and 0.1-2° dGH hardness at a temperature between 26-27° C. Suggest the addition of peat. Open breeders. The fish spawn 60-120 eggs on plants or rocks. A sandy soil is required, in which the mother will create ditches to place the fry in after they hatched. The female guards the larvae and fry. It's best to remove the male after spawning. When breeding, the females pelvic fins turn bright red, which serves as a beacon to the fry, who will respond to it. The fish is very susceptible to bad water conditions. Fungus will develop on the eggs if the water is not sufficiently soft.
Orange Leleupi Cichlid The Orange Neolamprologus Leleupi Cichlid originates from the rocky coastal waters of Southern Lake Tanganyika, Africa. This species is one of the smaller of the cichlids, only attaining a maximum size of 4 inches. They have an elongated body shape, and are mostly orange in color. The mouth of these fish is surprisingly large for their size, and may be outlined in black or blue. The Orange Neolamprologus Leleupi Cichlid should be maintained in an aquarium of at least 30 gallons with other smaller Tanganyikan cichlids. Incorporate plenty of rocks, shells and African driftwood in order to build caves. Provide a sandy bottom of white aragonite to maintain the necessary high pH and alkalinity, and to maintain their bright coloration. Darker substrates will cause these fish to darken.